Our Functional Bowen™ Therapy Technique

Functional Bowen™ Therapy Explained ©

By Judy Terwilliger, RN (# 322974), CMT (#25334)

Muscle Basics – An Explanation


Back Muscle Group

Leg Muscle Group

To understand Functional Bowen™ Therapy, one must understand muscles. Muscles are made up of tissues that hundreds of nerves pass though and are grouped in bands that respond to chemical and electrical signals. Besides giving shape to our form and assisting in the generation of body heat (temperature control assistance) they contract to allow us to move and function as human beings.

Those muscles associated with the Skeletal System are the driving force behind the movement we experience. They are also the reason we may experience dysfunction as a result of their faulty function and the resulting restriction and adaptive processes.

The primary function of the muscles, as it relates to movement, is to shorten or contract through the processing of certain chemicals (sodium, potassium, magnesium & calcium) under the electrical stimulation of the nerves embedded as described above. They contract under the control of the Central Nervous System, which has its center in the brain. This contraction process is active but muscle rest is entirely passive. The length of the muscle cell fiber, the chemical reaction and the electrical stimulation as it passes through the shortening process is what produces the contraction of the fibers.

Often the muscle cell fiber does not return to its full length because of congestion related to injury or trauma from internal as well as external forces. This reduction in the length of the muscle cell fiber does not allow for the full length that exists to be a part of the full contraction needed because muscle rest is passive and the electrical charge cannot access the full length of the fiber.

This congestion also causes changes in the muscle’s effectiveness by keeping the fiber shortened and can cause high levels of muscle tension, even spasms. It also reduces ultimate use in that part of the muscle and causes it to seek the assistance or recruit other muscles to do the job it is unable to do. This is a structure/function problem.

The adaptive process affects the musculature and can produce pain with associated dysfunction. This congestion is what our process in Functional Bowen™ Therapy © addresses. Additional information concerning our Functional Bowen™ Therapy tools can be found on our Therapeutic Tools page on or website at www.knowmor.org.

We seek to assist the body in the resolve of this congestion by directed active muscle release that stimulates the nervous system to produce real passive rest for the muscle/muscle group being affected. When we are successful in initiating the return of rest, flexibility can return and otherwise irritated (or pinched) nerves can rest and pain can decrease.

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